Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are particularly vulnerable to natural hazards. While disaster can impact all sectors, damage to transport assets often accounts for a large share of disaster losses. In turn, transport disruptions can exacerbate the overall impact of disasters by stifling the economy, curtailing access to essential services, and delaying recovery. As climate change increases the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, the needs for SIDS to adapt is more pressing than ever. This new report proposes concrete recommendations for enhancing the resilience of transport systems in SIDS, and calls upon the international development community to support these efforts through knowledge and funding.