The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is an international financial institution that provides grants to developing countries and countries with economies in transition for projects that address global environmental concerns related to biodiversity, climate change, international waters, land degradation, and chemicals and waste. Its governance structure includes an Assembly, a Council, a Secretariat, a Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel (STAP) and an Independent Evaluation Office (IEO). The concept of strategic country cluster evaluations (SCCEs) was introduced in the IEO work program for the GEF-6 replenishment period and subsequently approved by Council (IEO 2015b). SCCEs focus on common themes across clusters of countries and/or portfolios involving a critical mass of projects and experience with GEF programming. This approach paper relates to a SCCE covering 39 Small Island Developing States (SIDS) in the AIMS (Atlantic, Indian Ocean, Mediterranean and South China Sea), Caribbean, and Pacific regions. See annex 1 for a complete overview of countries.
The strategic country cluster evaluation (SCCE) of small island developing states (SIDS) covers 39 SIDS in the AIMS (Atlantic, Indian Ocean, Mediterranean and South China Sea), Caribbean, and Pacific regions. The choice to evaluate the SIDS as a strategic cluster is based on their shared geophysical constraints, resulting in disproportionately large economic, social and environmental challenges, and is supported by Council members’ requests for a more in-depth reviewing of the SIDS portfolio of projects. Synergies between the SIDS SCCE and the in parallel conducted least developed countries SCCE will be explored and utilized.
The overarching objectives of the evaluation are
- to provide a deeper understanding of the determinants of sustainability of the outcomes of GEF support in Small Island Developing States, and
- to assess the relevance and performance of GEF support towards SIDS’ main environmental challenges from the countries’ perspective.
Major trade-offs exist between environmental, socio-economic and natural resource objectives. The analysis of water-energy-food nexus links to the identified factors of weak sustainability, and will be contextualized in the environmental and socio-economic development context of the SIDS.
Gender, resilience and private sector engagement will be assessed as cross cutting issues through three cross cutting questions. Any other important issues emerging from country visits will also be considered.
The GEF Council is the primary audience for this evaluation. The evaluation findings can also inform GEF Agencies’ proposal development and GEF Secretariat’s appraisal of project proposals coming from SIDS. GEF member countries and non-governmental partners engaged in project and program design and implementation form the secondary audience