This case study presents the measures the Republic of Korea is taking to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels and become home to the world’s first carbon free island. To overcome its energy shortage, Korea imports more than 95 percent of energy resources from abroad. In 2016, Korea ranked 8th among the biggest energy consumers and 7th among the largest greenhouse gas emitters in the world. As part of the solution to its greenhouse gas emissions, the Korean government announced at the Paris Climate Conference that it would join international efforts to reduce greenhouse gas by lowering its emissions by 37 percent by 2030. To act on its commitment, the government selected Jeju province, the largest island off the coast of the Korean Peninsula to serve as a test-bed for clean energy solutions. The aim is for the Island to convert 100 percent of its vehicles and 100 percent of its electricity generation to renewable energy.